Modifying an Editor’s Configuration

Liferay Portal supports many different kinds of WYSIWYG editors that can be used in portlets to edit content. Depending on the content you’re editing, you may want to modify the editor to provide a better configuration for your needs. In this tutorial, you’ll learn how to extend your Liferay supported WYSIWYG editor to add new or modify existing configurations exactly how you’d like.

Extending the Editor’s Configuration

To modify the editor’s configuration, create a module that has a component that implements the EditorConfigContributor interface. When you implement this interface, your module will provide a service that modifies the editors you’d like to change. A simple example of this is provided below.

  1. Create an OSGi module.

  2. Create a unique package name in the module’s src directory, and create a new Java class in that package. The class should extend the BaseEditorConfigContributor class.

  3. Directly above the class’s declaration, insert a component annotation:

    @Component(
        property = {
    
        },
    
        service = EditorConfigContributor.class
    )
    

    This annotation declares the implementation class of the Component and specifies the Component’s properties. You should implement the EditorConfigContributor interface for this scenario. The property element is blank in the code snippet above. You need to insert properties that distinguish the editor’s name, editor’s configuration key, and/or the portlet name where the editor resides. These three properties can be specified independently or in any variation with each other. You can find out more about the available properties and how they should be used by reading the Javadoc provided in the EditorConfigContributor interface.

    The following code is a sample of what the @Component annotation could look like when modifying an editor’s configuration:

    @Component(
        property = {
            "editor.config.key=contentEditor", "editor.name=alloyeditor",
            "javax.portlet.name=com_liferay_blogs_web_portlet_BlogsPortlet",
            "javax.portlet.name=com_liferay_blogs_web_portlet_BlogsAdminPortlet", "service.ranking:Integer=100"
        },
    
        service = EditorConfigContributor.class
    )
    

    This annotation declares that the following service is applied for the AlloyEditor identified by the contentEditor configuration key. Two portlet names are specified (Blogs and Blogs Admin), which means the service applies to all editors in those portlets. Lastly, the service ranking is listed, which prioritizes this service over others that are currently deployed in Liferay Portal.

  4. Now that you’ve specified which editor configurations you want to modify, you must specify what about them must change. Add the following method to your new class:

    @Override
    public void populateConfigJSONObject(
        JSONObject jsonObject, Map<String, Object> inputEditorTaglibAttributes,
        ThemeDisplay themeDisplay,
        RequestBackedPortletURLFactory requestBackedPortletURLFactory) {
    
    }
    

    This method updates the original configuration JSON object with a new configuration. It can even update or delete the original configuration, or any other configuration introduced by another EditorConfigContributor. The configuration object contains the configuration to be directly used by the editor. This means that the configuration object used for this editor may differ from other editors used in Liferay Portal.

    Currently, this method does nothing. You need to add some logic, which you’ll do next.

  5. In the populateConfigJSONObject method, you need to instantiate a JSONObject that holds the current configuration of the editor. For instance, you could do something like this:

    JSONObject toolbars = jsonObject.getJSONObject("toolbars");
    

    This gets the editor’s toolbar.

    Now that you’ve retrieved the toolbar, you can modify it. You’ll do this next.

  6. You’ll modify the editor’s toolbar by adding a camera button. To complete this, extract the Add buttons out of your toolbar configuration object as a JSONArray, and then add the button to that JSONArray. The following code adds a Camera button to the editor’s toolbar:

    if (toolbars != null) {
        JSONObject toolbarAdd = toolbars.getJSONObject("add");
    
        if (toolbarAdd != null) {
            JSONArray addButtons = toolbarAdd.getJSONArray("buttons");
    
            addButtons.put("camera");
        }
    }
    

    The configuration JSON object is passed to the editor with the modifications you’ve implemented in the populateConfigJSONObject method.

Your Java class is complete! The only thing left to do is generate the module’s JAR file and copy it to your Portal’s deploy folder. Once the module is installed and activated in your Portal’s service registry, your new editor configuration is available for use.

Liferay Portal supports several different types of WYSIWYG editors, which include (among others):

Make sure to visit each editor’s configuration API to learn what each editor offers for configuration settings.

Related Topics

Adding New Behavior to an Editor

Embedding Portlets in Themes and Layout Templates

Developing Portlets

0 (0 Votes)
Adding a WYSIWYG Editor to a Portlet Previous