The ability to relate assets is one of the most powerful features of Liferay’s asset framework. By relating assets, you can connect individual pieces of content across your site or portal. This helps your users discover related content, particularly when there’s an abundance of other available content. For example, assets related to a web content article appear alongside that entry in the Asset Publisher application.

asset-related-content-asset-publisher.png

Figure 1: You and your users can find it helpful to relate assets to entities, such as this blogs entry.

This tutorial shows you how to provide a way for authors to relate content. This tutorial assumes that you’ve asset enabled your appliation. If you’ve already done this, go ahead and begin relating your assets!

Relating Assets in the Service Layer

First, you must make some modifications to your portlet’s service layer. You must implement persisting your entity’s asset relationships. In your portlet’s service.xml, put the following line of code below any finder method elements and then run Service Builder:

<reference package-path="com.liferay.portlet.asset" entity="AssetLink" />

Next, you need to modify the add-, delete-, and update- methods in your -LocalServiceImpl to persist the asset relationships. You’ll use your -LocalServiceImpl’s assetLinkLocalService instance variable to execute persistence actions.

For example, consider the Wiki application. When you update wiki assets and statuses, both methods utilize the updateLinks via your instance variable assetLinkLocalService. Here’s the updateLinks invocation in the Wiki application’s WikiPageLocalServiceImpl.updateStatus(...) method:

assetLinkLocalService.updateLinks(
    userId, assetEntry.getEntryId(), assetLinkEntryIds,
    AssetLinkConstants.TYPE_RELATED);

To call the updateLinks method, you need to pass in the current user’s ID, the asset entry’s ID, the ID’s of the asset link entries, and the link type. You should invoke this method after creating the asset entry. You can assign to an AssetEntry variable (e.g., one called assetEntry) the value returned from invoking assetEntryLocalService.updateEntry. That way you can get the asset entry’s ID for updating its asset links. Lastly, in order to specify the link type parameter, make sure to import com.liferay.portlet.asset.model.AssetLinkConstants.

In your -LocalServiceImpl class’ delete- method, you must delete the asset’s relationships before deleting the asset. For example, you could delete your existing asset link relationships by using the following code:

AssetEntry assetEntry = assetEntryLocalService.fetchEntry(
    ENTITY.class.getName(), ENTITYId);

assetLinkLocalService.deleteLinks(assetEntry.getEntryId());

Make sure to replace the ENTITY place holders for your custom -delete method.

Super! Now your portlet’s service layer can handle related assets. Even so, there’s still nothing in your portlet’s UI that lets your users relate assets. You’ll take care of that in the next step.

Relating Assets in the UI

You typically implement the UI for linking assets in the JSP that you provide users the ability to create and edit your entity, This way only content creators can relate other assets to the entity. Related assets are implemented in the JSP by using the Liferay UI tag liferay-ui:input-asset-links inside of a collapsible panel. This code is placed inside the aui:fieldset tags of the JSP. The panel and liferay-ui:input-asset-links tag are shown below for the Blogs application:

<aui:fieldset collapsed="<%= true %>" collapsible="<%= true %>" label="related-assets">
    <liferay-ui:input-asset-links
        className="<%= BlogsEntry.class.getName() %>"
        classPK="<%= entryId %>"
    />

Your content authors are able to relate assets once you add this code and redeploy your portlet.

The following screenshot shows the Related Assets menu for an appliation. Note that it is contained in a collapsible panel titled Related Assets.

related-assets-select-menu.png

Figure 2: Your portlet’s entity is now available in the Related Assets Select menu.

Even though you’ve provided a way for authors to assign related assets, the Related Assets menu shows your entity’s fully qualified class name, instead of a more concise name. To replace the long fully qualified class name shown in the menu with a simplified name for your entity, add a language key that uses the fully qualified class name as the key’s name and the new simplified name as the key’s value. Put the language key in file docroot/WEB-INF/src/content/Language.properties in your portlet. You can refer to the Overriding Language Keys tutorial for more documentation on using language properties.

Upon redeploying your portlet, the value you assigned to the fully qualified class name in your Language.properties file shows in the Related Assets menu:

Awesome! Now content creators and editors can relate the assets of your application. The next thing you need to do is reveal any such related assets to the rest of your application’s users. After all, you don’t want to give everyone edit access just so they can view related assets!

Showing Related Assets

You can show related assets in your application’s view of that entity or, if you’ve implemented asset rendering for your custom entity, you can show related assets in the full content view of your entity for users to view in an Asset Publisher portlet.

This section shows you how to access an entity’s asset entry in your entity’s view JSP and how to display links to its related assets. When you finish, users can click on the entity instances in your portlet to view any related assets.

In your entity’s view JSP you can use ParamUtil to get the ID of the entity from the render request. Then you can create an entity object using your -LocalServiceUtil class. You can use an entity instance object to get the AssetEntry object associated with it.

<%
long insultId = ParamUtil.getLong(renderRequest, "insultId");
Insult ins = InsultLocalServiceUtil.getInsult(insultId);
AssetEntry assetEntry = AssetEntryLocalServiceUtil.getEntry(Insult.class.getName(), ins.getInsultId());
%>

To show the entity’s related assets, you can use the liferay-ui:asset-links tag. For this tag, you should retrieve the entity’s class name and the variable holding your instance object, so you can return its ID. The example code below uses the example entity class Insult and an instance object variable called ins:

<liferay-ui:asset-links
    assetEntryId="<%=(assetEntry != null) ? assetEntry.getEntryId() : 0%>"
    className="<%=Insult.class.getName()%>"
    classPK="<%=ins.getInsultId()%>" />

Go ahead and use a the liferay-ui:asset-links tag in your JSP. Great! Now you have the JSP that lets your users view related assets.

If you’ve already connected your portlet’s view to the view JSP for your entity, you’ve completed the tutorial. You can otherwise follow the remainder of this tutorial to learn how to implement that connection.

Creating a URL to Your New JSP

Now that you’ve implemented showing off this asset feature, you must connect your application’s main view JSP to your entity’s view JSP. If your main view JSP uses a search container to list your entity instances, you can insert a portlet:renderURL tag just after the liferay-ui:search-container-row tag. For example, your view.jsp could look like this:

<liferay-ui:search-container-row
    className="com.sample.portlet.insults.model.Insult"
    keyProperty="insultId"
    modelVar="insult" escapedModel="<%= true %>"
>

<portlet:renderURL windowState="maximized" var="rowURL">
    <portlet:param name="mvcPath" value="/html/insult/view_insult.jsp" />
    <portlet:param name="insultId" value="<%= String.valueOf(insult.getInsultId()) %>" />
</portlet:renderURL>

Next, add to the first search container column an href attribute with the value of the URL you just created in the portlet:renderURL tag. For example, the value of href that corresponds with the render URL created above is "<%=rowURL %>". Your search-container-column-text tag can look similar to this tag:

<liferay-ui:search-container-column-text
    name="Insult"
    value="<%= insult.getInsultString() %>"
    href="<%=rowURL %>"
/>

Now, redeploy your portlet and refresh the page so that your portlet’s view JSP reloads. Each entity listed is a link. Click on one to view your entity’s JSP that you made in the previous step of this tutorial.

Related assets, if you’ve created any yet, should be visible near the bottom of the page.

Excellent! Now you know how to implement related assets in your apps. Another thing you might want to do is investigate permissioning in the UI. For more information on this, see the tutorial Checking Permissions in the UI.

Related Topics

Adding, Updating, and Deleting Assets for Custom Entities

What is Service Builder?

Defining Content Relationships

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