Setting Search Container Animations

If you’ve toured Liferay Portal CE 7.0’s UI, you’ve probably noticed animations in the search containers. These animations show the user when there is no available content.

no-content-found-blog.png

Figure 1: This is a still frame from the Blogs portlet’s empty results animation.

This tutorial covers the following topics:

  • Using the default animations in your search container
  • Using custom animations in your search container

First, you’ll learn how to use the default animations in your search container.

Using the Default Animations in Your Search Container

There are three built-in classes for the search container animation:

  1. The default class is taglib-empty-result-message-header. This is used for most cases.

    no-content-found-blog.png

    Figure 2: When no content is found, the default animation is usually shown.

  2. taglib-empty-search-result-message-header is used when there are no search results.

    no-web-content-found-search.png

    Figure 3: You can use the empty search result animation to show that no search results were found.

  3. taglib-empty-result-message-header-has-plus-btn is used when there is no content, but you can use the add button to add an entity.

no-tags-found-plus-button.png

Figure 4: If you can use the add button to add entities to the app, use the has plus button animation.

To use these animations, use the following method:

SearchContainer.setEmptyResultsMessageCssClass()

For example, the Roles Admin application uses this code to set its animation in its edit_role_assignments_sites.jsp file:

if (!searchTerms.isSearch()) {
        searchContainer.setEmptyResultsMessageCssClass(
        "taglib-empty-result-message-header-has-plus-btn"
        );
}

Alternatively you can use the emptyResultsMessageCssClass attribute of the liferay-ui:search-container tag to set the animation. For example,

<liferay-ui:search-container
  emptyResultsMessage="no-results-were-found"
  emptyResultsMessageCssClass="taglib-empty-result-message-header-has-plus-btn"
  ...
>

If you don’t want to use the default animations packaged with Liferay Portal CE 7.0, you can use custom animations instead. This is covered next.

Using Custom Animations

As stated earlier, each animation has a matching CSS class that the search container uses. To use a custom animation, therefore, you must modify the existing styles.

There are two approaches you can take:

  • Overwrite the existing styles to replace the default animations
  • Create new styles to make the animation available to the search container

Regardless of the approach you choose, you must provide the CSS styles in a Theme, Themelet, or Theme Contributor. These styles point to the animation’s source. You can provide the animation however you like: as long as you have a valid URL (relative or absolute) that points to the animation, you can use it.

The default search container animation styles are provided by the _empty_result_message.scss file.

You can learn how to replace the default animations next.

Replacing Default Empty Results Message Animations

Follow these steps to replace the existing animations with your own:

  1. Make your custom animation available in your theme, themelet, Documents and Media repository, etc. For example, place the .gif in your theme’s images folder.

  2. Inside your CSS file (_custom.scss for example), override the animation styles that you want to replace. For example, to replace the default animation, include the following styles for a custom animation located in the images/emoticons folder of a theme:

    .taglib-empty-result-message {
        .taglib-empty-result-message-header {
            background-image: 
            url(@[email protected]/emoticons/[your_custom_animation].gif);
        }
    }
    
  3. Inside your app’s search container, use the emptyResultsMessageCssClass attribute, or use the SearchContainer.setEmptyResultsMessageCssClass() method. Below is an example configuration that uses the emptyResultsMessageCssClass attribute:

    <liferay-ui:search-container
        emptyResultsMessage="no-results-were-found"
        emptyResultsMessageCssClass="taglib-empty-result-message-header"
        total="<%= total %>"
    >
    

    Here is an example configuration that uses the SearchContainer.setEmptyResultsMessageCssClass() method:

    SearchContainer.setEmptyResultsMessageCssClass("taglib-empty-result-message-header")
    

Your custom animation now appears in the search container instead of the default animation. If instead you want to add your custom animation to the default ones available, follow the steps in the next section.

Adding A New Empty Results Message Animation

Adding an animation to the empty results message involves the same steps as replacing a default animation. The only difference is you must add a new CSS class. Follow these steps to create a new style for your custom search container animation:

  1. Make your custom animation available in your theme, themelet, Documents and Media repository, etc. For example, place the GIF in your theme’s images folder.

  2. Inside your CSS file (_custom.scss for example), add the styles for your new class, wrapped with .taglib-empty-result-message. For example, the styles below add a custom animation for a class called my-custom-message-header:

    .taglib-empty-result-message {
        .my-custom-message-header {
            background-image: 
            url(@[email protected]/emoticons/[my_custom_animation].gif);
        }
    }
    
  3. Use the emptyResultsMessageCssClass attribute in the Search Container, or use the SearchContainer.setEmptyResultsMessageCssClass() method to use the new CSS class you just added. Below is an example configuration that uses the emptyResultsMessageCssClass attribute:

    <liferay-ui:search-container
        emptyResultsMessage="no-results-were-found"
        emptyResultsMessageCssClass="my-custom-message-header"
        total="<%= total %>"
    >
    

    Here is an example configuration that uses the SearchContainer.setEmptyResultsMessageCssClass() method:

    SearchContainer.setEmptyResultsMessageCssClass("my-custom-message-header")
    

Now you know how to set search container animations in your app!

Related Topics

Using the Liferay UI Taglib

Introduction to Liferay Search

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